Proper physical therapy can minimize side effects of drug use. Patients can get it in a hospital that has a physiotherapy clinic, of course with a referral doctor who knows the condition of the patient’s health.
Treatment that can be given to patients, including children. One of them is physical therapy called physiotherapy. Its role is to improve motor movement function due to muscle and skeletal disorder after fracture, or postoperative bone.
Physiotherapy is also given to people with nerve-related diseases, such as diseases that cause wrong road patterns and weak muscles, people with peripheral nerve disorders, meningitis, brain blockage, and others.
At the Clinic therapy NYC, the therapist will teach the patient how to perform the correct body movements. Well, the movements that must be applied by the patient himself, such as sitting, standing, walking, running, and so forth.
Physiotherapy is a service given to patients to develop, maintain, and restore the ability and function of the motion to the maximum throughout life.
Regarding frequency, there is no standard how many times a child should undergo physiotherapy. “Depending on the condition. When it comes to severe or chronic conditions, it will require longer therapy. Another thing if the parents have anticipated it early on. “
No less important, before advocating physiotherapy, your doctor or therapist should first know your birth history and clinical records. The therapist should work with the relevant physician. When the background of the disease is known, then selected the right physiotherapy.
TYPES OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
- Exercise Therapy or Exercise Therapy, This therapy is intended to restore the function while providing reinforcement and maintenance of motion in order to return to normal or at least close to normal conditions. To the child, will be given exercises holding and moving hands and feet. After being able, it will continue with a mobilization exercise, starting with standing, walking, walking, jogging, and so on. In the case of a broken leg, for example, will be physiotherapy in stages, when the child should be a little tread until it can tread full. The exercises are aimed at maintaining the strength of the muscles and functional ability by maintaining the joints so as not to become rigid. This needs to be done because the broken foot is fitted with a cast will generally experience muscle wasting, so that its strength was reduced. Through therapy did while playing will be seen which part decreased function.
- Heating Therapy or Heating Therapy, As the name implies, this therapy utilizes the power of heat that is usually used in skin disorders, muscles, and other internal body tissues. Its use is of course adjusted to the level of complaints. If only to the skin, then heating is only intended for the skin only by using Infra Red Radiation (IRR) or infrared radiation. When the disorder occurs in muscles, use micro diathermy or micro diathermy. Meanwhile, if the disorder appears in the deepest part of the body frame, the short wave diathermy or short wave diathermy is used. In essence, the type of therapy performed will be tailored to the diagnosis. Heating therapy is usually given in conjunction with other types of therapy. As in inhalation therapy for children with mucus problems in the airway; On muscle and joint pain. When combined with other forms of treatment is certainly more profitable because the dose of drugs to be drunk children to be smaller to minimize the negative effects.
- Electrical Stimulations Therapy or Therapy Electrical Stimulation, Therapy that uses a small powered electricity is suitable applied to children who suffer from muscle weakness due to fractures or muscle nerve damage. How to use it, by attaching the flow of electricity to the muscles to overcome the pain. This therapy aims to maintain muscle mass and indirectly stimulate nerve regeneration. In pediatric patients who suffer from respiratory problems, this therapy can also be used for treatment. In effect, the blood circulation in the chest cavity and respiratory tract becomes more smoothly, so it can help relaxation and help remove mucus from the respiratory tract, thereby speeding up the healing process.
- Cold Therapy or Cold Therapy, cold therapy is usually given when a child’s injury is still acute so that the inflammatory process does not become chronic. This therapy is generally reserved for muscle only, usually due to falling and experiencing bruises. Well, this cold therapy is also useful to reduce swelling. That’s why, when a child falls and parts of his body there is a lump, parents often compress it with cold water. But cold therapy should be under strict supervision because if the acute phase has passed, but still continue to be treated, it can damage the tissue.
- Chest Physiotherapy or Chest Therapy, Children with symptoms of colds usually get chest physiotherapy that is useful to clean the respiratory tract and improve air exchange. Included in this physiotherapy include inhalation / nebulizer, clapping, vibration and postural drainage. Inhalation is to enter drugs into the respiratory tract through inhalation. Thus, the drug particles are broken down first in a device called nebulizeder to become vapor-shaped molecules. This steam is then inhaled by the child until the drug will go straight into the respiratory tract. The advantage of this way, the dose of the drug is much smaller, to reduce the side effects of drugs. Common inhaled medications are medications for loosening the airways, the sputter thinners, and NaCl as the airway moisturizer. While the duration of each inhalation is about 10 minutes. Further action to help remove mucus, such as clapping or clapping on the chest and back. Can be on the right side, left, front chest. The tap is done continuously and rhythmically. Also accompanied by postural drainages, such as the child is pierced with the lower head position of the body, until the mucus can flow into the main branches of breathing as well as easier to cough. This will be beneficial because usually, the child can not spit until the mucus that clogs the respiratory tract is difficult to remove. Especially in infants or children under 2 years of age, if necessary, perform suction or suction action of mucus with special tools through the nose or mouth. Usually, this action is performed in infants where the cough reflex is not strong enough to remove mucus.
- Hydro Therapy or Aquatic Therapy, Therapy with water is useful for children who experience disorders, especially impaired motion due to spasticity, eg in children CP (Cerebral Palsy). While in children who are running late, of course before they will be evaluated first evaluated both of age, ability level, and difficulty level experienced. To be able to walk, children of course must go through the various stages that begin with his stomach, sitting, crawling to stand. Usually, the child will not be directly taught to walk if the previous stage has not been able to do. In children who have difficulty moving because of spasticity/stiffness, when in the water, generally he will be easier to move. Thus expected the child’s spasticity will be reduced given the help of a boost of water that can flex the body motion. Although not all children with the disorder can be given hydro water therapy, this therapy can be used as an alternative.
- Orthopedic and Rheumatoid Arthritis, Actually, orthopedic physiotherapy is done to overcome bone and muscle disorders due to fractures, post fracture (cracked), joint arthritis, sprains, or sprains. Generally intended for adults because the case rarely occurs in children. In infants, orthopedic therapy will be used if he experienced a process of shortening the neck muscles (neck so tilted) due to swelling of the neck muscles that make his muscles attracted in one direction. This is done in the form of motion exercises, massage, and stretching. Can also be accompanied by ultrasound (sound wave frequency higher than that can be heard humans) and heating to release adhesions/clumps in the neck. This physiotherapy can be applied since the baby is 2 weeks old. Physiotherapy rheumatoid arthritis is performed in children with swollen leg complaints or joint disorders. To reduce pain, cold therapy is given during acute and then given heat therapy with electrical stimulations therapy. This can be done in children aged 4-5 years, depending on which part is affected.